Introduction : –
Master Arjan Dev Ji was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, who moved toward becoming Guru on 16 September 1581 following in the strides of Guru Ram Das ji. He was conceived in Goindval Punjab India the most youthful child of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani, the little girl of Guru Amar Das.A summary of the main highlights of Guru Ji’s life:
1. Incorporated and gathered the Hymns of the past Sikh Gurus as the establishment of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
2. Furthermore, Guru Ji contributed a sum of 2218 songs to the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
3. Created the Sukhmani Sahib Bani – Prayer for Peace
4. Introduced out of the blue the heavenly Sikh Book, which around then was known as the Adi Granth, a noteworthy accomplishment.
5. Fabricated the Golden Temple .
6. Created Amritsar as a Center of Excellence.
7. Upgraded the Structure of Sikh Society by presenting the Masand framework.
8. Master Arjan Dev was the primary Sikh Guru to be martyred.
Completion of the Harmandar Sahib : –
The Basics of the new religion had been characterized by Baba Nanak, and the basis was done by three of his successors. Master Arjan Dev Ji set upon a mission of putting it on a strong balance. As appointed by his antecedents, Guru Nanak through Guru Ram Das Ji, he took the assignment of the finish of where his
dad had developed an earth tank of Nectar. In the genuine soul of “I am neither Hindu, nor Muslim.” Guru Arjan Dev Ji welcomed Mian Mir, a Muslim Saint from Lahore to lay the foundation of the establishment of the Harmandar, the present Golden Temple.
The entryways on each of the four sides of the building connoted its acknowledgment of all the four ranks and each Religion. In opposition to the solicitations of the assembly, the floor of the Harmandar Saheb was kept lower than the encompassing zone; as the water streams descending so would the searchers of God’s favors. Alongside God’s House came the presence of the City of Amritsar with all its adoration, courtesies, and mirth.
The completion of the Adi Granth : –
The planning of the Holy Book is the most significant accomplishment of Guru Arjan Dev Ji. With three things in his mind he started the gathering of the Holy Book, the present Guru Granth Sahib. Seeing such things going on Guru Arjan Ji needed to protect these unique fortunes. Not just settling the way of the endeavors of his antecedents, yet additionally giving, on the Panth, a regularly enduring controlling light that was to fill in as both a physical and profound marvel.
Furthermore, above all he needed to build up the validity of the Sikh Religion as a casteless and mainstream society. Bound among the Hymns of the prior Nanaks he included his own pieces and in addition, the heavenly articulations of Sheik Farid and Bhagat Kabir, Bhagat Ravi Das, Dhanna Namdev, Ramannand, Jai Dev, Trilochan, Beni, Pipa and Surdas. Every one of whom have a place with various occasions, convictions, orders, and Castes from high and low. The graceful disclosures of Guru Arjan are of the best tasteful bore.
Enormous popularity of the Sikh Gurus :
Amid the period from 1581-1606, Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s opportunity, the Sikh populace in more noteworthy Punjab developed immensely; masses of individuals began going to the Guru’s sangats in the recently built Harmandar Sahib and a large number of new adherents turned into the Guru’s Sikhs amid this period. Indeed, even ground-breaking chieftains like Chaudhary Langaha Dhillon, of Jhabal, Chaudhary Amrika of Tarn Taran Sahib territory, and Bhai Manjh of Kang Mai town, and numerous some more, had progressed toward becoming supporters and disciples of the mainstream Guru.
Growth of Sikhism : –
Countless Punjabi clans, for example, Khatri, Jatt, Rajput, Tarkhan, Chamar, Arora, Kamboja, Saini, and so forth changed over to Sikhism, fundamentally from Hinduism and a couple of likewise from Islam. Because of the immaculateness of the Guru’s message and his gigantic notoriety, even Muslim pir’s likewise moved toward becoming supporters of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, and even Hindu holy people, yogis, sidhas progressed toward becoming Sikhs and disciples of the Guru; out of the blue the new Sikh religion, had turned into the noticeable prevalent religion of medieval Punjab.
Guru Arjan arrested : –
Quickly after the demise of Akbar, the Muslim pastorate caught the prospect of Prince Saleem and helped him to recapture the position of authority as Emperor Jahangir. He was helped with the comprehension on the assertion that he would restore the Shariyat in the nation when he moved toward becoming Emperor.
Akbar’s grandson, Khusro was a devout man who was as liberal as his granddad. Akbar had assigned him next in line to head the kingdom. In any case, the control of Muslim ministry made it important that he needed to keep running for his life. While going through Punjab he visited Guru Arjan Dev Ji at Tarn Taran and looked for his favors.
The Guru accepts Hukam of the Lord : –
The Guru was detained and unreasonably tormented. His body was uncovered in the burning warmth of May-June sun. He was made to sit on the super hot sand, and bubbling boiling water was poured on his exposed body.
Pir Mian Mir moved toward him and offered to intervene for his sake. Some say that he even offered to wreck the entire city of Lahore with his minister influence in discipline, however the Guru declined his assistance holding that every one of that was occurring was by God’s will, “thine doings appear to be sweet unto me, Nanak needs for the abundance of God’s name.”
|Birth||1563 at Goindwal Sahib|
|Father / Mother||Guru Ram Das Ji / Bibi Bhani Ji|
|Guru Gaddi||1581 – 1606|
|City Founded||Tarn Taran in 1590 and Kartarpur in 1594|
|Completed the construction of||Amritsar Tank, Santokhsar, and Ramsar Sarovar|
|Invited||Muslim Sufi Saint to lay the foundation of Harimandir Sahib|
|Composed||Adi Granth in 1604, Sukhmani Sahib Ji|
|Mughal Emperor at his time||Akbar , Jahangir|
|His Successor||Guru Hargobind ji|
|Jyoti Jot||1606, Lahore|
Jyoti Jot : –
Before leaving this physical world, Guru Ji assigned Guru Hargobind Ji, his child as the following Guru of the Sikhs. The suffering of Guru Arjan Dev Ji speaks to a watershed crossroads in Sikh history, as Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji proceeded to mobilize the Sikhs, towards opposing abuse and oppression. Guru ji passed away in 1606.