Introduction : –
Master Har Rai Ji was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and progressed toward becoming Guru on Tuesday, 19 March 1644 following in the strides of his granddad, Guru Har Gobind Ji. Before Guru Ji kicked the bucket, he assigned Guru Har Krishan Ji, his child as the following Guru of the Sikhs. The accompanying is an outline of the fundamental features of Guru Ji life:
1. Proceeded with the military conventions begun by his granddad Guru Har Gobind Ji.
2. Kept 2200 mounted warriors consistently.
3. Was irritated as a youngster by the affliction caused to plants when they were incidentally pulverized by his robe.
4. Made a few visits to the Malwa and Doaba areas of Punjab.
5. Guruji’s child, Ram Rai, twists Bani before Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, after which the Guru should have stated, ” Ram Rai, you have resisted my request and trespassed. I will never observe you again because of your betrayal.”
The Guru assigned his most youthful child, the multi-year old Har Krishan as the Eighth Sikh Guru; Guru Har Krishan Sahib on Sunday, 20 October 1661.
Master Har Rai ji was the child of Baba Gurdita Ji and Mata Nihal Kaur Ji (otherwise called Mata Ananti Ji). Baba Gurdita was child of the 6th Guru, Guru Hargobind. Master Har Rai ji wedded Mata Kishan Kaur Ji little girl of Sri Daya Ram Ji of Anoopshahr (Bulandshahr) in Utter Pradesh on Har Sudi 3, Samvat 1697. They had two children: Baba Ram Rai Ji and Sri Har Krishan Ji.
Recitation of Gurbani : –
One day the Sikhs asked the Guru whether the individuals who read the Gurus’ songs without understanding them got any otherworldly preferred standpoint from it. The Guru gave no answer at the time, and next morning went chasing. On the way, the Guru went over a broken pot which had held spread. The beams of the sun were softening the margarine on the broken pot pieces.
The Guru took one of these parts in his grasp and stated, “Look my Sikhs, broken pot shards – when they are warmed, the margarine that clung to them promptly dissolves.
As the oil holds fast to the potshards, so to do the Gurus’ psalms to the hearts of his Sikhs. At the hour of death the Gurus’ direction will without a doubt prove to be fruitful. Regardless of whether comprehended or not, it has inside it the seed of salvation. Scent still sticks to a broken vase.” The significance of the story is that whoseoever day by day peruses the Gurus shabads will without a doubt get peace. What’s more, despite the fact that he may not completely comprehend them, God will without a doubt help him.
Master Ram Das has stated: “The Word is the Guru, and the Guru in the Word, and in the Word is the substance of ambrosia.”
A passionate Sikh called Bhai Gonda used to remain with the Guru. He was a holy person in thought, word and deed. Master ji was especially satisfied with his earnest dedication and asked, “Bhai Gonda, go to Kabul, and teach the Sikhs there in the love of the genuine Name, and lecture the Sikh confidence. Feed sacred men and travelers with the contributions you get and send the straggling leftovers here for the upkeep of the Langar. These are to be your obligations, and I am sure that you will prevail in them.”
In spite of the fact that Kabul was an outside nation and there was peril from Muslim extremism in living there, Bhai Gonda brightly acknowledged the errand given to him. On landing there he fabricated a Gurdwara and completed all the Guru’s guidelines.
At some point, while Bhai Gonda was rehashing the Japji, he felt as though he was really sticking to the Guru’s feet. He was in such a condition of deliberation, to the point that he turned out to be very oblivious. He developed as retained in seeing the Guru as a drop of rain in the sea. The Guru realized what was going through Bhai Gonda’s brain, and sat solidly on his position of royalty keeping his feet together.
At early afternoon, when supper was reported, the Guru made no reaction. At the point when the declaration was rehashed a hour later, despite everything he stayed quiet. A more drawn out interim later, the call was again set aside a few minutes and cook requested that authorization serve the sustenance, however again the Guru did not talk. A few Sikhs assembled and were going to make a portrayal to the Guru, when he at long last talked. “Sibling Sikhs.
Bhai Gonda is in Kabul. He is in thought, word, and deed, a holy person of the Guru. He today fastened my feet. How might I remove them from him? How might I go take my supper until the point when he gives up? I am in this way holding up until the finish of his contemplation and deference.” Bhai Gonda did not wakeful from his stupor before nightfall, and it was at exactly that point that the Guru didn’t hesitate to take his feast.
Ram Rai : –
After the demise of Shah Jahan, the mentality of the state headed by Aurangzeb towards the non-muslims, turned to threaten. Head Aurangzeb came up with a rationalization for the assistance rendered to ruler Dara Shakoh by Guru Sahib amid the war of progression and surrounded false charges against Guru Sahib who was summoned to Delhi. Baba Ram Rai Ji appeared in the interest of Guru Sahib in the court.
He attempted to clear up a few misunderstandings with respect to Guru Ghar and Sikh confidence, made by Dhirmals and Minas. However another trap, which he couldn’t get away, was to illuminate the significance of the refrain “The Ashes of the Mohammadan fall into the potter’s coagulation, it is formed into pots and blocks, and they shout out as they consume”.
Baba Ram Rai with a specific end goal to satisfy the sovereign and pick up his sensitivity contorted Gurbani. At the point when Guru Har Rai Ji was educated about this occurrence, he promptly banished Ram Rai Ji from the Sikh Panth and never met him, through the later argued more than once for pardoning.
|Birth||1630 at Kiratpur Sahib|
|Father / Mother||Baba Gurditta Ji / Mata Ananti Ji|
|Sons and Daughter||Ram Rai and Har Krishan Ji|
|Guru Gaddi||1644 – 1661|
|Blessed||A child name Phul (founder of Patiala, Nabha and Jind)|
|Mughal Emperor at his time||Aurangzeb and Shah Jahan|
|His Successor||Guru Har Krishan ji|
|Jyoti Jot||1661 at Kiratpur Sahib|
Jyoti Jot : –
The Guru nominated his youngest son, the five year old Har Krishan Ji as the Eighth Sikh Guru. Guru ji passed away 1661 at Kiratpur.